ANTIHYPERALGESIC ACTIVITY OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL OF Piper glabratum

LIDIANE SCHULTZ BRANQUINHO, JOYCE ALENCAR SANTOS, JONAS DA SILVA MOTA, CANDIDA A. LEITE KASSUYA, ARIELLLE CRISTINA ARENA

Resumo


Introduction: Piper glabratum Kunth (Piperaceae), popularly known in Brazil as pepper, false jaborandi,
among others, is poorly studied in pharmacological and toxicological fields (KATO; FURLAN, 2007). The
phytochemical studies and anti-parasitic activity of this specie was performed (AMORIM et al., 2007).
Benzoic acid derivatives of P. glabratum have antiparasitic activity against Leishmania spp. and
Trypanosoma cruzi (FLORES et al., 2008). Objectives: The present work has investigated the
antihyperalgesic activity of the essential oil of Piper glabratum leaves (EOPG) in carrageenan induced
increase in mechanical and cold hyperalgesia in mice. Material and Methods: Male Swiss mice (n=6 /
group) received saline (0.9%, p.o), EOPG (700 mg / kg, p.o) or dexamethasone (1 mg / kg, s.c). After 1 h,
the animals received carrageenan injection (300 ug / paw) into the right hind paw and saline in the left
hind paw. Mechanical sensitivity was measured with an electronic Von Frey apparatus and cold
sensitivity with acetone test after 3 and 4 hours of the injections. Results: Carrageenan increased the
mechanical hyperalgesia and cold sensitivity in animals control group. The EOPG prevented 100%
mechanical hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan after 3 and 4 hours of the injection of carrageenan
when compared to the control group, as well as dexamethasone. The decrease of cold sensitivity was
induced by EOPG cold at 2 and 3 hours after carrageenan injection with Imax of 36 and 23% respectively
and dexamethasone decrease 64 and 33% in relation to control group. Discussion and Conclusion:
These results shows for the first time the ability of EOPG to antagonize the carrageenan induced
mechanical hyperalgesia and cold sensitivity.


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Referências


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