ANTINOCICEPTIVE ACTIVITY OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL FROM Campomanesia adamantium FRUIT IN RATS
used in folk medicine as antirheumatic, antidiarrheal, hypocholesterolemic and anti-inflammatory agent
(1). At harvest, fruits are consumed in natura or processed in various preparations like jellies, liqueurs,
among others (2). Objective: The present study has evaluated the antinociceptive activity of essential
oils from peel (EOP) and seed (EOS) of C. adamantium fruits in formalin model. Material and Methods:
Essential oils were obtained from 200 g of dried peel (EOP) and seeds (EOS) from C. adamantium by
hidrodistillation using a Clevenger-type apparatus for 3 hours. Samples obtained by hydrodistillation
were analyzed by gas chromatography. Nociception was evaluated after injection of formalin (3). Sixty
minutes before, male Wistar rats (n=5) were divided in groups: dexamethasone (1mg/kg, s.c.), EOP (100
and 300 mg/kg), EOS (100 and 300mg/kg) and vehicle saline solution (0.9%), treated by oral route. One
hour after treatments, the animals received an injection of 20 µl of saline containing 2.5% of formalin in
the right hind paw. Pain reaction time (paw licking) in seconds was evaluated from 0 to 5 min (phase 1 –
neurogenic pain) and from 15 to 30 min (phase 2 - inflammatory response) after injection of formalin in
the paw which represents a tonic response to pain, accompanied by an inflammatory response. Results:
EOP and EOS produced significant antinociceptive effects in the first phase when compared to control
group. EOP and EOS, respectively at the doses of 100 and 300 mg/kg significantly reduced licking time in
the second phase of formalin test in rats. Dexamethasone (1 mg/kg) produced significant
antinociceptive activity in both phases of the formalin method. It was also found that orally
administration of EOP and EOS inhibited formalin induced paw edema. Discussion and Conclusion: The
anti-inflammatory action of C. adamantium on formalin-induced is in accordance with the results of the
antinociceptive test. Analyzes using chromatography (GC-MS) indicated the presence of limonene,
Thujopsene and ?-pinene that can be characterized as being a contributor to the anti-inflammatory
effects, suggesting their use as nutraceutical or pharmacological agent.
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