QUALITY OF LIFE AND EXCESSIVE DAYTIME SLEEPINESS IN CHILDREN WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
Introduction: ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) relates to one of the
most frequently studied disorders in medicine, generating increasingly more
convincing data than even other mental disorders and other medical conditions,
being present in a percentage of 3% to 7% of children. Sleep is a factor that
interferes in the quality of life, since it is something that can do us good or bad with
its deprivation or excesso. Moreover, the quality of sleep can also be linked to
psychic factors, and be altered by ADHD. Material and Methods: The study was
carried out with children from 4 to 12 years of age with ADHD and patients from a
particular neurological clinic in Campo Grande - MS. Data collection was done
through questionnaires, such as: socioeconomic questionnaire, quality of life
questionnaire in children and adolescents (AUQUEI) to identify the perception of the
quality of life that the children possesses, Epworth sleepiness scale to analyze if
children have or do not have excessive daytime sleepiness disorder (BDS). Results:
The overall average of the quality of life is within the expected standards, with the
overall perception of the children in relation to the quality of life considered as good.
Regarding the mean separated by sex, the results found show that girls have, on
average, a better perception of quality of life than boys, with girls having a total
average of 56 points and boys 51.8 points. In the case of excessive daytime
sleepiness, the Epworth scale score had a general average of 5.64 points, which
shows that the population in question does not have the excessive daytime
sleepiness disorder (EDS), since in order to present the SED the individual must
have a score equal to or greater than 10 points. Of the fourteen questionnaires
analyzed, four had a score equal to or greater than the cutoff value (10 points),
demonstrating that four children in the population had excessive daytime
sleepiness, representing 28.57% of the population. Discussion and Conclusion: It
is concluded that the quality of life of the sample is considered as good, with girls
having the best perceptions of QoL (quality of life) in all their domains. In regard to
excessive daytime sleepiness, boys do not have EDS, contrary to the results found
ANACLETO, T. S., LOUZADA, F. M., PEREIRA, E. F. Ciclo sono-vigília e o transtorno de
déficit de atenção/hiperatividade. Revista Paulista de Pediatria¸ 29(3): 437-42,
ANTUNES, H. K. M., ANDERSEN, M. L., TUFIK, S., MELLO, M. T. Privação de sono e
exercício físico. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte, vol.14, n.1, jan/fev, 2008.
ANTUNES, H. K. M., SANTOS, R. F., CASSILHAS, R., SANTOS, R. V. T., BUENO, O. F. A.,
MELLO, M. T. Exercício Físico e função cognitiva: uma revisão. Revista Brasileira de
Medicina do Esporte, vol. 12, n.2, mar/abr, 2006.
ASSOCIAÇÃO AMERICANA DE PSIQUIATRIA (APA). Disponível em:
http://www.psych.org/ Acesso em 23 de maio de 2013.
ASSOCIAÇÃO AMERICANA DE PSIQUIATRIA (APA). Manual diagnóstico e estatístico de
transtornos mentais. Porto Alegre: artes médicas sul, 1994.
ASSOCIAÇÃO BRASILEIRA DE DEFICIT DE ATENÇÃO. TDHA: diagnóstico em crianças e
adolescentes (2013). Disponível em:
http://www.tdah.org.br/br/sobretdah/diagnostico-criancas.html Acesso em 25 de
setembro de 2014.
- Não há apontamentos.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.